Reduction of the Hodgkin-Huxley model ‘type II’

# Reduction of the Hodgkin-Huxley model type II

Another way of approximation, compare to two phase analysis

## Reduction

• Hodgkin and Huxley model:

$$C\frac{du}{dt}=-\Sigma I_{k}(t)+I(t)$$

$$\Sigma I_{k}=g_{Na}m^{3}h(u-E_{Na})+g_{K}n^{4}(u-E_{k})+g_{L}(u-E_{L})$$

$$\dot{m}=\alpha_{m}(u)(1-m)-\beta_{m}(u)m$$

$$\dot{n}=\alpha_{n}(u)(1-n)-\beta_{n}(u)n$$

$$\dot{h}=\alpha_{h}(u)(1-h)-\beta_{h}(u)h$$

• SRM: $u(t) = \eta(t-\hat t) + \int_0^{t-\hat{t}} \kappa(t-\hat t_i,s) I^{ext}(t-s) ds+u_{rest}$ we need to define $\eta(t-\hat{t})$, $\kappa(t-\hat{t})$, $\vartheta$

• $\eta(t-\hat{t})$ action potential is stereotyped when triggered the spike In Hodgkin-Huxley model, let: $$I(t)=c\frac{q_0}{\Delta}\Theta(t)\Theta(\Delta-t)$$ we can get $u(t)$, then use $u(t)$ to get $\eta(t-\hat{t})$ $$\eta(t-\hat(t))=[u(t)-u_{rest}]\Theta(t-\hat{t})$$

• $\kappa(t-\hat{t})$ weak input current, slight perturbed Input: strong plus at $\hat{t}$, weak plus at $t$, $(t>\hat{t})$ $$\kappa(t-\hat{t},t)=\frac{1}{c}[u(t)-\eta(t-\hat{t})-u_{rest}]$$

• $\vartheta$ threshold for spike fixed use different value in different cases

## Scenarios

### time-dependent input

the metrics: $$\Gamma=\frac{1}{C}\frac{N_{coinc}-{\langle}{N_{coinc}}{\rangle}}{\frac{1}{2}(N_{SRM}+N_{full})}$$ $\langle{N_{coinc}\rangle}=2\nu\Delta{N_{full}}$ $C=1-2\nu\Delta$ if Possison process: $$\Gamma=0$$ if two model fit perfect: $$\Gamma=1$$ if $\kappa$ does not depend on last firing time, $\Gamma$ will be lower (lower accuracy)

### constant input

different $\vartheta$ make big differences

### step current input

same three zones also show inhibitory rebound

### spike input

use $\epsilon$ to substitute external input: $u_i(t)=\eta(t-\hat{t_i})+\sum\limits_{j}w_{ij}\sum\limits_{f}\epsilon(t-\hat{t_i},t-t_{j}^{(f)})+u_{rest}$

# Reduction of a cortical neuron

type I SRM can also be used as a quantitative model of cortical neurons. cortical neurons has continuous gain function

## Reduction to a nonlinear integrate-and-fire model

### Reduction

$$C\frac{du}{dt}=-\sum{I_{k}(t)}+I(t)$$

$$\sum{I_{k}}=g_{Na}m^{3}h(u-E_{Na})+g_{K_{slow}}n^{4}_{slow}(u-E_{K})+g_{K_{fast}}n^2_{fast}(u-E_{K})$$

#### first step

define:

• $\vartheta$
• $\Delta_{abs}$
• $u_{r}$
• $m_{r}$
• $h_{r}$
• $n_{slow}$
• $n_{fast}$

we get multi integrate and fire model

#### second step

• fast variables: replace with steady state values (function of u)
• slow variables: replace with constant $m \rightarrow m(u)$ $n_{fast} \rightarrow n_{0,fast}$ $n_{slow} \rightarrow n_{slow, average}$ $h \rightarrow h_{average}$

we get nonlinear integrate and fire model

## Reduction to SRM

### Reduction

aim: find $\eta$, $\kappa$, $\vartheta$

#### first step

reduce the model to and integrate-and-fire model with spike-time-dependent time constant

#### second step

integrate the model, get $\eta$ and $\kappa$

#### third step

choose appropriate spike-time-dependent threshold $\vartheta$

### Scenarios

#### constant input

better with dynamic threshold

#### fluctuating input

the accuracy is more stable than nonlinear integrate-and-fire model

# Limitations

• even $\Gamma$ of the multi-current integrate-and-fire model is far below 1
• time-dependent threshold of SRM is import to achieve generalize over a broad range of different inputs
• time-dependent threshold seems to be more important for the random-input task than the nonlinearity of function $F(u)$
• in the immediate neighborhood of the firing threshold, nonlinear integrate-and-fire model performs better than SRM

Planted: by ;